With over 300 thickly forested limestone islands, vast intertidal sand flats, extensive mangroves, swampy wetlands, and vast savannahs, Palau has a magnificent array of bird life habitats. We’ve confirmed the presence of at least 8 Endemic Species though many others are being studied for possible endemic status.
Palau’s avifauna is a biogeographical blend of Austro-Papauan species, Asiatic forms, and of course a host of wide ranging sea birds. In total Palau boasts 46 native species, a host of annual migrants, and an odd assemblage of unusual vagrants. Our native birds include the multi-colored fruit dove, the mound nesting Megapod, and the graceful white tern. Palau’s forests are filled with the haunting whistle of the endemic bush warbler and the deep growl of the Micronesian Piegon. Here’s a list of resident species and seasonal migrants:
Bird Watching in Palau is a simple affair. Birders can walk around Koror and find many of the Residents, Endemics, and Migrants. Some of the harder to find birds are best seen in remote locations in the rock islands. Ulong Island is a virtual guarantee for finding the Endemic Ground Dove with common sightings of the Megapods. The Old German Light House Trail is a great place to spot Endemic Fantails, Bush Warblers, and Morning Birds. Peleliu Island is also fantastic bird watching with undisturbed forests and a wide variety of habitat types. The Palauan Owls are tough to spot, and are best seen at night with a recording device. They will quickly respond to their own calls and that may allow a close up view of a normally shy bird. Several quiet inlets in the rock islands harbor resident populations of the owls and will yield best results.
FAMILY PROCELLARIDAE: Shearwaters
FAMILY PHALACROCORACIDAE: Cormorants
FAMILY AREIDAE: Herons, Egrets, & Bitterns.
1.Red Jungle Fowl: Gallus gallus. Pre-historic Introduction
FAMILY CHARADRIIDAE: Plovers.
FAMILY STERNIDAE: Terns
FAMILY LARIDAE: Gulls
FAMILY CUCULIDAE: Cuckoos.
FAMILY STRIGIDAE: Owls
FAMILY CAPRIMULGIDAE: Nightjars
FAMILY APODIDAE: Swiftlets.
FAMILY ALCEDINIDAE: Kingfishers.
FAMILY HIRUNDINIDAE: Swallows.
FAMILY CAMPEPHAGIDAE: Cuckoo-Shrikes
FAMILY MOTACILIDAE: Wagtails & Pipits
FAMILY ARTAMIDAE: Woodswallows
FAMILY STURNIDAE: Starlings
FAMILY ZOSTEROPIDAE: White Eyes
FAMILY ESTRILIDAE: Mannikins & Finches